using Fly! in speech therapy

Frequent Speech Sounds:

/b/ initial (bird)
/f/ initial (food)
/l/ initial (learn)
/n/ initial (nest)
/st/ final (nest)
/fl/ (fly)
/er/ (bird)


growing up
learning a new skill

Book Details:

Diverse Characters: N/A
Age Recommendation: Early Childhood, Elementary


By Mark Teague

Mama bird thinks it’s time for Baby bird’s first flight, but Baby bird has other ideas in this humorous wordless picture book from New York Times bestselling author-illustrator Mark Teague. It’s a big day up in the tree that Mama bird shares with her baby. Mama bird thinks Baby bird is finally ready to leave the nest and learn to fly so he can migrate south with the rest of their flock. But Baby bird isn’t so sure. Can’t his mother keep bringing him worms in their nest? Can’t he migrate in a hot air balloon instead? Or perhaps a car? Baby bird figures out that he must flap his wings and learn to fly—whether he likes it or not!

This silly spring book can be used in speech therapy to address social/emotional issues like growing up and perspective taking. It is also great for noticing character expressions and determining meaning from pictures in speech bubbles. It is also great for predicting, inferencing, illustration study, and character analysis, as well as for targeting a variety of sound including:/b/, /f/, /l/, /n/, /st/, /fl/, and /er/! Discover more of the speech and language teaching concepts for using Fly! in speech therapy below: 

Key Teaching concepts

Narrative Structure:


Narrative Concepts:

problem solving
character analysis
illustration study
text features


order of events that leads to baby learning to fly

Character Analysis:

It’s time for baby to learn to fly, however he has other ideas about how he can get around. He acts a little spoiled and tries to convince his mom of other plans. His mom gets frustrated and ultimately leaves him on his own which motivates him to finally fly.


Baby tries to avoid learning how to fly and wants his mom to continue taking car of him.

facial expressions
perspective taking

Text Features:

speech bubbles
exclamation marks


How do you think the baby and mom feel when she’s giving him food?
What is the baby thinking about when his mom comes back?
How does he feel about not getting more food?
What do you think his mom is thinking about his tantrum?
What is his mom thinking when she find him on the ground? How do you know?
How does the mom feel about her baby’s wishes?
What about when he keeps listing off ideas? How do you know?
What does each of them think about baby being on the ground without knowing how to fly?


What do you think this book will be about based on the front cover?
Where do you think the birds will fly to when it gets cold?
What do you think the baby wants more of?
What do you think will happen to him when he keeps throwing a fit?
What do you think the baby wants?
What do you think the mom wants?
What do you think will get his attention and make him learn to fly?

Problem Solving:

Baby tries to avoid learning how to fly while his mom tries to convince him it’s time.

If you are interested in seeing other spring books to use in therapy, then check out the Narrative Teaching Points Book List for a printable copy.