using The Very Lonely Firefly in speech therapy

Frequent Speech Sounds:

/n/ initial
/f/ initial
/fl/ initial and medial (fly, flew, flicker, flashlight, flooding, flashing)
/l/ initial, medial and final (lonely, looking, lights, lightbulb, lightning, candle, lantern, glowing, glittering)
/th/ medial
/er/ medial and final
/t/ final



Book Details:

Diverse Characters: Yes
Age Recommendation: Early Childhood, Elementary

The Very Lonely Firefly

By Eric Carle

When a very lonely firefly goes out into the night searching for other fireflies, it sees a lantern, a candle, and the eyes of a dog, cat, and owl all glowing in the darkness. It even sees a surprise celebration of light. But it is not until it discovers other fireflies that it finds exactly what it's looking for–a surprise sure to bring smiles to anyone who turn the final page!

This illuminating summer and bugs book can be used in speech therapy to address social/emotional issues like feeling lonely and being part of a group. It is also great for predicting, sequencing and for targeting verbs and negation as well as for sounds including: /n/, /t/, /th/, /er/, /f/, /fl/, and /l/! Discover more of the speech and language teaching concepts for using The Very Lonely Firefly in speech therapy below:

Key Teaching concepts

Narrative Structure:

action sequence

Narrative Concepts:

verbs (present progressive)
verbs (regular past tense)
verbs (irregular past tense)
negation (not)
text features
phonological awareness
repetitive text


order of lights firefly tries to that leads to a group


firefly, stretch, lonely, lightbulb, flicker, candle, flashlight, lantern, several, reflecting, headlights, flooding, sparkle, glittering, shimmering, group


Firefly is lonely and searches for firefly friends.


verbs (present progressive)
verbs (regular past tense)
verbs (irregular past tense)
negation (not)
WH Questions (what)

Text Features:

speech bubbles
repetitive text

Phonological Awareness:

rhyming (“light” and “night” repeated throughout)


What do you think he is going to fly to next?