using Frog and Toad All Year Down the Hill in speech therapy

Frequent Speech Sounds:




Book Details:

Diverse Characters: N/A
Age Recommendation: Elementary, Late Elementary, Middle School

Frog And Toad All Year: Down The Hill

By Arnold Lobel

In winter, spring, summer, and fall, Frog and Toad are always together. From sledding in winter to eating ice cream on hot summer days, these two friends have fun the whole year round! Frog and Toad All Year is a Level Two I Can Read book, geared for kids who read on their own but still need a little help. Whether shared at home or in a classroom, the engaging stories, longer sentences, and language play of Level Two books are proven to help kids take their next steps toward reading success.

This quirky winter book can be used in speech therapy to address social/emotional issues like bravery and trying something new. It is also great for noticing character expressions and for targeting character analysis as well as for targeting verbs! Discover more of the speech and language teaching concepts for using Frog and Toad All Year Down the Hill in speech therapy below: 

Key Teaching concepts

Narrative Structure:

complete episode

Narrative Concepts:

problem solving
character analysis
illustration study
verbs (regular past tense)
verbs (auxiliary)
verbs (linguistic)
pronouns (subject)


order of events that lead to Toad sledding by himself


tramped, sled, rushed, leaped, snowbank, steer

Character Analysis:

Toad is coaxed into trying something new. When he has fun and is doing it by himself, he starts to panic and crashes. Toad goes home afterwards, acting grumpy but maybe a little proud too.


learning to try something new
facial expressions
being flexible


verbs (regular past tense)
verbs (auxiliary)
verbs (linguistic)
pronouns (subject)


How does Toad feel when Frog knocks on his door?
What might he be thinking?
How does Toad feel about riding down the big hill?
What does Toad think when he goes past the trees and over the snowbank?
How does he feel when he is riding by himself?
How does Toad feel when he realizes he is all alone?


Frog tries to get Toad to get out of bed and to enjoy the snow.

If you are interested in seeing other winter books to use in therapy, then check out the Narrative Teaching Points Book List for a printable copy.